Skin Pigmentation, or your skin's tendency to develop dark spots is caused by a tendency to form excess melanin. As we age, the pigment in our skin can begin to look darker or more uneven. These dark spots are called melasma, while hyperpigmentation is caused by skin trauma (insect bites, scratches, razor burn and even acne).
There are many options in treating hyperpigmentation: laser therapy, chemical peels and microdermabrasion. They work by removing or resurfacing the top layers of skin, patients experience brighter, lighter looking skin.
For those looking for a less expensive option, skin lighteners can help. Over-the-counter pigment changing products work by:
* Slowing or shutting down melanin production in the skin.
* Removing existing melanin cells from the epidermis.
* Preventing the transfer of melanin cells to the upper layer of the epidermis.
Topical agents such as Trentinoin (also known as Retin-A) and alpha-hydroxy acids, as well as the organic kojic acid and licorice extract have shown some results in lightening dark spots on the skin.
When looking for lightening products, be sure to check for some of these common lightening ingredients: Hydroquinone, Mequinol, Monobenzene, Soy Milk, Niacinamide, Cucumber, Kojic Acid, Calcium Pantetheine Sulfonate, Azelaic Acid, Arbutrne and Hydroquinone.
To treat Melasma (the darkening of the top layer of the skin), use: Rosehips Oil; Soy Milk; Mandelic Acid; or a Lactid Acid Peel.
Freckles and Age Spots
To lighten freckles and age spots try this: Imedeen Time Perfection Pills and/or Sunblock.
When treating any type of hyperpigmentation, use any of the products listed above, as well as: Lactid Acid Cream.
Under Eye Circles
Give your face and eyes the glowing radiance of youth with: Vitamin K and Cucumber.
No matter what type of hyperpigmentation you are trying to treat: freckles; age spots; melasma and more, try this basic homemade treatment. It's easy and effective:
Squeeze the juice from several lemons, being sure to squeeze all you can from the rind. Next, peel, chop and puree a cucumber (with the seeds) in a blender. Pass the puree through cheesecloth, squeezing out any excess juice. Finally, mix equal parts of the lemon juice with the puree, apply to skin for as long as 30 minutes. Rinse. Moisturize.
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